1757 '58 '59
Above is an image of the notice as published in the Boston Evening Post on 6 November 1758, of the Proclamation issued by Nova Scotia Governor Charles Lawrence on 12 October 1758 announcing the availability of land for planters (settlers) in Nova Scotia. The Evening Post, a weekly newspaper, began publication in Boston in August 1735, and continued until the last issue on 24 April 1775.
Province of the
Boston, Octob. 31, 1758
The following Proclamation being published in Nova-Scotia, and transmitted to this Government, was read in Council, and ordered to be published in this Province. Tho. Clarke, D. Secr.
By His E X C E L L E N C Y
C H A R L E S L A W R E N C E, Esq.
Captain-General and Governor in Chief, in and over His Majesty's Province of Nova-Scotia, or Accadie, in America, Vice Admiral of the same, &c. &c. &c.
A P R O C L A M A T I O N.
WHEREAS by the late Success of His Majesty's Arms in the Reduction of Cape Breton; and it's Dependencies, as also by the Demolition and entire Destruction of Gaspee, Meremichi, and other French Settlements, situated on the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and on St. John's River in the Bay of Fundy, the Enemy, who have formerly disturbed and harrassed the Province of Nova Scotia, and much obstructed it's Progress, have been compelled to retire and take Refuge in Canada, a favourable Opportunity now presents for the peopling and cultivating, as well the Lands vacated by the French, as every other Part of this valuable Province ;
I HAVE therefore thought fit, with the Advice of His Majesty's Council to issue this Proclamation, declaring that I shall be ready to receive any Proposals that may be hereafter made to me, for effectually settling the said vacated, or any other Lands, within the Province aforesaid : A Description whereof, and of the Advantages arising from their peculiar Nature and Situation, I have ordered to be published with this Proclamation.
Given at the Council-Chamber at Halifax, this Twelfth Day of October 1758, and in the 32d Year of His Majesty's Reign.
By His Excellency's Command, with
the Advice of His Majesty's Council,
Jno Duport, Sec: Conc:
GOD Save the KING.
A Description of the Lands ordered to be published pursuant to the foregoing Proclamation, which consist of upwards of One Hundred Thousand Acres of Internal Plow-Lands, producing Wheat, Rye, Barley, Oats, Hemp, Flax, &c. These have been cultivated for more than a Hundred Years past, and never fail of Crops, nor need manuring.
Also more than One Hundred Thousand Acres of Upland, cleared and stock'd with English Grass, planted with Orchards, Gardens, &c. These Lands, with good Husbandry, produce often two Loads of Hay per Acre.
The wild and unimproved Lands adjoining to the above, are well timber'd and wooded, with Beach, Black-Birch, Ash, Oak, Pine, Fir, &c.
All these Lands are so intermixed that every single Farmer may have a proportionable Quantity of Plow-Land, Grass-Land, and Wood-Land, and are all situated about the Bay of Fundy, upon Rivers navigable for Ships of Burthen.
PROPOSALS will be received by Mr. Hancock of Boston, and by Messirs. DeLancie and Watts of New-York, to be transmitted to the Governor, or in his absence to the Lieutenant-Governor, or President of the Council of Halifax.
Note: In the above transcription, the original punctuation and spelling have been preserved — except for the “long-s”, a letter of the English alphabet then in common use but now unknown. Where the long-s appears in the original proclamation, it is replaced here by the modern “s”.
The following was published in the The Pennsylvania Gazette, issue dated 16 November 1758:
Governor Lawrence of Halifax, in Nova Scotia, and Admiral Durell, who is to winter there with several of his Majesty's Ships of War, have given Assurance, that all Coasters and others trading thither with fresh Provisions, &c. shall not only be protected by the Admiral from being pressed, but shall receive all Manner of Countenance from both.
A Proclamation is also issued by the Governor of Halifax, importing, That as by the late Success of His Majesty's Arms in the Reduction of Cape Breton, and its Dependencies, as also by the Demolition and entire Destruction of Gaspey, Meremichi, and other French Settlements, situate on the Gulph of St. Lawrence, and on St. John's River, in the Bay of Fundy; the Enemy (who have formerly disturbed and harassed the Province of Nova Scotia, and much obstructed its Progress) having been compelled to retire and take Refuge in Canada; and thereby left a favourable Opportunity for the peopling and cultivating as well the Lands vacated by the French, as every other Part of that valuable Province: – He therefore declares, That he will be ready to receive any Proposals that may be hereafter made to him for effectually settling the said vacated or other Lands in that Province; One Hundred Thousand Acres of which produce Wheat, Rye, Barley, Oats, Hemp, Flax, &c. which never need manuring, as no Part has failed of Crops these Hundred years. Another hundred Thousand Acres is cleared, and stocked with English Grass, planted with Orchards, Gardens, &c. The Timber on the whole is Beach, Black Birch, Ash, Oak, Pine, Fir, &c. The Lands are so intermixed that every single Farmer may have a proportionable Quantity of Plow land, Grass Land, and Woodland; and are all situated about the Bay of Fundy, upon Rivers navigable for Ships of Burthen.
Notes Regarding Events on the Saint John River (1755-1760) as Gleaned from the Columns of the Pennsylvania Gazette by Lucie LeBlanc Consentino, Acadian & French Canadian Ancestral Home
Context of the 1759 Liverpool Settlement by John G. Leefe DCL, Read Before the Mersey Heritage Society, Liverpool, 2 April 2009
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First uploaded to the WWW: 1 February 2010
Latest update: 23 August 2013